Vital Indicators

Vital Indicators (Cardinal Signs) – measurable, concrete indications that are important for life. 1 . Body Temperature – the degree of the body heat this is a result of the balance maintained between heat developed and heat lost by the body. a. Methods of Heat measurement

i actually. Oral – under the tongue – most frequently used ii. Rectal – inside the rectum – most correct (children six – 80-90/min. iii. Children 1-7 – 80-120/min.

iv. Infants – 110-130/min.

v. At Birth – 130-160/min.

3. Respiration – the act of breathing, composed of inspiration (O2) and expiration (CO2) a. Internal breathing – the exchange of respiratory smells between the body cells and the bloodstream. b. Exterior respiration – the exchange of respiratory gases between the alveoli in the lungs and blood. c. Respiration can be under non-reflex control.

d. Characteristics of Respiration

i. Level – volume of respiration/min. noted as typical, rapid, slow, and also as exact charge. ii. Depth – the number of air inhaled and exhaled, and documented as low or deep. iii. Tempo – time periods of respiration, may be infrequent or standard in regards to price and depth. e. Breathing Rates

we. Normal Mature – 14-20/min.

ii. Children – 20-26/min.

iii. Infants – 30-38/min.

iv. When they are born – 30-60/min.

some. Blood Pressure – the pressure of the push of the blood against the surfaces of the arterial blood vessels which is assessed when the heart contracts and releases. a. Systolic Pressure – the force of the blood pushed against the arteries of the wall when the ventricles of the heart are within a state of contraction. It is the top quantity in a stress reading. m. Diastolic Pressure – the force from the blood in the arterial program when...


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