Vital Indicators (Cardinal Signs) – measurable, concrete indications that are important for life. 1 . Body Temperature – the degree of the body heat this is a result of the balance maintained between heat developed and heat lost by the body. a. Methods of Heat measurement
i actually. Oral – under the tongue – most frequently used ii. Rectal – inside the rectum – most correct (children six – 80-90/min. iii. Children 1-7 – 80-120/min.
iv. Infants – 110-130/min.
v. At Birth – 130-160/min.
3. Respiration – the act of breathing, composed of inspiration (O2) and expiration (CO2) a. Internal breathing – the exchange of respiratory smells between the body cells and the bloodstream. b. Exterior respiration – the exchange of respiratory gases between the alveoli in the lungs and blood. c. Respiration can be under non-reflex control.
d. Characteristics of Respiration
i. Level – volume of respiration/min. noted as typical, rapid, slow, and also as exact charge. ii. Depth – the number of air inhaled and exhaled, and documented as low or deep. iii. Tempo – time periods of respiration, may be infrequent or standard in regards to price and depth. e. Breathing Rates
we. Normal Mature – 14-20/min.
ii. Children – 20-26/min.
iii. Infants – 30-38/min.
iv. When they are born – 30-60/min.
some. Blood Pressure – the pressure of the push of the blood against the surfaces of the arterial blood vessels which is assessed when the heart contracts and releases. a. Systolic Pressure – the force of the blood pushed against the arteries of the wall when the ventricles of the heart are within a state of contraction. It is the top quantity in a stress reading. m. Diastolic Pressure – the force from the blood in the arterial program when...