The Climb of Nationalism

Nationalism

What is Nationalism?

Modern African Nationalism

Colonial Oppression

Missionary Churches

WWI and WWII

Pan-Africanism

League of National and United Nations

Self-reliance Movements

What Is Nationalism?

Thoughts based on shared culture, historical past and historical experience

Aspire to maintain the same through numerous means

Modern African Nationalism

Even following your establishment of colonial guideline, Africans shown their dissatisfaction with and resistance to profession

Took many different forms based on the area or colonial ruler

Fueled by several factors

Imperialiste Oppression

Embarrassed and starving of their own area

Revolts were met with brutal suppressions

Freedom was the ultimate goal

Missionary Churches

3 Goals

Literacy

Western Beliefs

Raise standard of productivity

Had a profound influence on Africa

Dished up as a catalyst for nationalism

Educated Africans to fight for rights

Made them need to succeed in modern world

Nationalistic Leaders

Jomo Kenyatta

Spent years in britain gaining support for local Kenyans

Jailed for the Mau Mau uprising in 1952

First President of Kenya (1964 – 1978)

Leopold Senghor

Senegalese poet person and politician and very first president of Senegal (1960–1980)

Held up simply by France since the representation of assimilation

Studied on the Sorbonne and taught in Paris

Was a German POW during WWII

Was a member of the French Legislative house

WW I actually and WW II

Africa war veterans

3 mil served in both battles fighting against German and Italian imperialism

African coming from different areas served jointly and fostered nationalism

Weren't rewarded to get service

Colonial immigrants looked to The african continent post WW II and were given superb tracts of land

Pan-Africanism

Catalysts to get the activity

Henry-Sylvester-Williams

Marcus Garvey

T. E. B. DuBois

First black being awarded a doctoral degree from Harvard

Organizer from the Pan-African Meetings

Influenced the growth of African nationalism

Pan-African Objectives

Demonstration racism

Device for anti-colonial struggle to bring about African guideline for Africans

Inspiration intended for future federated Africa

Business of Africa Unity (OAU) – at this point the Photography equipment Union (AU)

Pan-African Meetings

Series of five conference (1919 – 1945) held in different European capitals to promote and legitimize the tenets of the Pan-African movement

T. E. M. DuBois was moved to plan the Pan-African movement through these conferences because of the severe mistreatment of Africans that resisted colonial exploitation, especially in the Belgian Congo

Modern Africa Nationalism

Group of Nations

Born out of the damage from WW I

Colonies of Australia and Italy were to be transferred and eventually given self-rule

Points did not genuinely change

Italia invaded Ethiopia Haile Selassie called upon League to take action

League doomed to inability

WW II broke away

Modern African Nationalism

United Nations

Founded towards the end of WW II

Objective

Maintain globe peace

Develop good relations between countries

Promote cooperation in resolving the planet's problems

Encourage respect pertaining to human legal rights

Italy misplaced all their territories

Eritrea given to Ethiopia

Was the car for African independence

Self-reliance Movements

Freedom movements were slow to create because of the Euro creation of nation-states with out regard to ethnicity

Nationalism asserted alone in force after WW 2

Channeled through seven social/economic groups

Self-reliance Movements

Specialist Groups (doctors. Lawyers)

Small bourgeoisie (teachers, clerks, little merchants)

Imperialiste bureaucracy...

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