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Robotics

The Shadow robot hand system

Robotics is the branch of technology that deals with the design, construction, operation, development and application of robots�[1] and computer systems for their control, sensory feedback, and information finalizing. These technology deal with automated machines that may take the place of human beings, in dangerous or production processes, or just just look like humans. Most of today's automated programs are motivated by nature adding to the field of bio-inspired robotics. The concept in creation of machines that may operate autonomously dates back to classical times, yet research into the functionality and potential uses of programs did not develop substantially until the 20th century.[2] Throughout history, robotics has been typically seen to mimic human behavior, and often manage responsibilities in a comparable fashion. Today, robotics is actually a rapidly growing field, as technological advances continue, research, style, and building new robots serve numerous practical uses, whether domestically,  commercially, or militarily. A large number of robots perform jobs which have been hazardous to people such as defusing bombs, exploring shipwrecks, and mines. Contents �[hide]� * 1 Etymology * 2 Components * 2 . 1 Power supply * 2 . 2 Actuation 2. 2 . 3 Sensing * installment payments on your 4 Manipulation * 2 . 5 Locomotion * installment payments on your 6 Environmental connection and navigation * installment payments on your 7 Human-robot connection * 3 Control * several. 1 Autonomy levels * 4 Robotics research * 4. 1 Dynamics and kinematics * 5 Education and teaching * a few. 1 Career schooling * a few. 2 Certification * 5. 3 Summer robotics camp * 5. 4 Robotics afterschool programs 2. 6 Employment * 7 See also * 8 References * 9 Bibliography * 10 Further reading 5. 11 External links| -------------------------------------------------

[edit]Etymology

The word robotics was derived from the word robot, which has been introduced to the public by Czech writer Karel Čapek in his play R. U. R. (Rossum's Common Robots), which usually premiered in 1921.[3]The word robot comes from the Slavic word robota, which is used to refer forced labor. In accordance to the Oxford English Book, the word robotics was first used in print by Isaac Asimov, in his science fiction short story " Liar! ", published in-may 1941 in Astounding Science Hype. Asimov was unaware that he was coining the term; since the science and technology of electrical products is electronics, he assumed robotics already labeled the science and technology of robots. In a few of Asimov's other performs, he states that the first use of the word robotics was in the short story Runaround (Astounding Science Fiction, March 1942).[4][5] However, the original publication of " Atar! " predates that of " Runaround" by five a few months, so the past is generally offered as the word's origins. The word robot was introduced to the population by the Czech writer Karel Čapek in his play R. U. R. (Rossum's Universal Robots), published in 1920.[3] The perform begins within a factory that makes artificial people called robots creatures that can be wrong for human beings – although they are nearer to the modern concepts of androids. Karel Čapek himself did not gold coin the word. This individual wrote a short letter with reference to an etymology in the Oxford English Dictionary in which this individual named his brother Josef Čapek as its actual originator.[3] In 1927 the Maschinenmensch (" machine-human" ) gynoid humanoid robot (also called " Parody", " Futura", " Robotrix", or the " Karen impersonator" ) was the initial and perhaps the most memorable interpretation of a automatic robot ever to appear on film was performed by A language like german actress Brigitte Helm in Fritz Lang's film Metropolis. In 1942 technology fiction writer Isaac Asimov formulated his Three Laws of Robotics and, at the same time of doing therefore , coined the phrase " robotics" (see information in " Etymology" section above). In 1948 Norbert Wiener formulated the principles of cybernetics, the basis of practical robotics....

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