To what extent, and in which factors, are Realism and Liberalism similar and various from the other person?


Realistic look and Liberalism are the two most prevalent ideologies in practicing and analyzing Foreign Relations within the last two decades. They are playing important tasks in the states. They are going to directly affect your decision making of the governments and bring effects to the peace relations amongst countries. Realist mainly place a focus in state, electric power and countrywide security. It had been especially quite dominant in the first stage of the Cool War. On the other hand, Liberalism pays off attention to someones freedom and rights. This rose up after the Ww ii also the final of Cool War. By my viewpoint, to a large extent Realism and Liberalism differ from each other. They are quite opposing in theory. The differences between Realistic look and Liberalism outweigh the similarities. In this essay, I would elaborate both of these ideologies in different aspects to talk about.

Commonalities between Realistic look and Liberalism

Anarchy nature

Firstly, for the similarities, both Realists and Liberals believe in anarchy nature of international program that it is leaderless in the world program. ‘The major theories of international contact embrace the view outside the window that the international system is anarchic' (Adem 2002: 19). Both equally admit there is no sovereignty, rules or perhaps systems in the international system. However , those two ideologies got very different perceptions towards what they believe the states have to do under this anarchic circumstance. The differences will be articulated beneath.

Dissimilarities between Realism and Liberalism

The landscapes towards being human

For the differences, the first is the Realists and the Liberals hold different philosophy towards human nature. Realists generally are pessimistic and old-fashioned. ‘It is vital not to trust human nature. This sort of faith is actually a recent heresy and a very disastrous one' (Butterfield 149: 47). Realists believe in nasty human nature. Individuals are born with hatred and envy, had original bad thing, war happened constantly. They presume that organic passion of human kind brings out problems among countries, ‘conflict is definitely inevitable' (Niebuhr 1932: xv). This can be reveal in the equipment race on planet War I. Every country tried to increase their numbers of weapons and expand their very own armed forces during those times. Especially Great britain and Indonesia, their romantic relationship was made worse as there was a dreadnought building competition between them. Discord is then took place, paved the way towards the World Conflict I. Apart from this, during 1860s, the United States forced Japan to spread out its industry at the threat of assault, which was beneficial for America simply (Sr And Teresa 2013: 16). Consequently, they also understand human happen to be self-interested, interest is the most important point of the express. Political actions of the government is evaluated based on countrywide interest (Morgenthau 1978: 4-15). Realists feel that national curiosity is the most important point of the express.

On the other hand, Liberals primarily are positive and accelerating. They translate goodness is available in being human. People are delivered to be kind, caring and helpful, happy to build trust with other folks. Apart from this, Liberals stress interdependence, believing assistance can be improved in countries in order to decrease conflicts. A large number of intergovernmental agencies and institutions are shaped in the late 19th century. They may be made up of affiliate states. For example, European Union and World Transact Organization, they will enhance personal and financial cooperation between countries. Establishments enhance the financial cooperation and reducing the transactions price among says (Keohane 1998: 82-94). In addition to this, the formation of United Country was the symbolic intergovernmental organization of Liberalism, providing a more knowledge of human rights and rewarding the security of it. Therefore , witnessing the comparison above, the differences are...

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Baylis, J. and S. Jones and P. Owens (2013) (eds. ) The Globalization of World Politics: An intro to Intercontinental Relations (Sixth edition) (Oxford: Oxford University Press).

Donnelly, J. (2000) Realism and International Relations, London: The Press Ligue of the School Of Cambridge

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Jehangir, L. (2012) Realistic look, Liberalism plus the Possibilities of Peacefulness [Online], Available: [19 Feb 2012]

Jumarang, B. T. (2011) Realistic look and Liberalism in Foreign Relations [Online], Available: [02 Jul 2011]

Keohane, L. O. (1998) ‘International Institutions: Can Interdependence Work? ', Foreign Plan, issue. 128, Spring, pp. 82-94.

Morgenthau, H. T. (1978) Governmental policies Among Nations: The Have difficulties for Power and Tranquility, Fifth Model, Revised, (New York: Alfred A. Knopf), [Online], Available:

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Rourke, T. T


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